Introduction of Phra Somdej 3 Temples (Phra Somdej Family)

Introduction of Phra Somdej 3 Temples (Phra Somdej Family)

Among all the Buddha amulets, Phra Somdej Wat Rakhang made by ChaoKhun Somdej Puttajarn Toh Promrungsee is believed to be the most sought after, not only in Thailand but also elsewhere in the world. It is also the highest valued of all Buddha amulets.

Phra Somdej Wat Rakhang amulet was made from five kinds of sacred powers namely Pattamung, Itthijae, Maharaj, Buddhakhun and Trinisinghae. This five sacred ingredients were added into the substance with incantations of holy-scripture, writing of sutras and holy symbols (yantra) with chalk on a board, erased and rewrite them several hundred time over. The dust gathered thus signifies the sacred power of the ritual. This first collected powder is Pattamung.

Pattamung powder is then mixed with water and mold into pencil shape, sun-dried and then use in writing of another chapter of sutras. The process of writing down and erasing is repeated as many times as stipulated in the holy sutras. The dust gathered from the second ritual is Ittijae. The same process is performed until all of the five ingredients have been collected. The ingredients are then mixed together and added to the bulk substance which consists of ground shells as main part, others includes cooked rice, talc, crushed banana with Tang Eiw oil as cementing agent. When all the ingredients are well mixed, the derived substance is taken in small parts and pressed into a mold made by a man from Ban Changlor. Each making without storing them sealed inside a brick structure. The total number of amulet made is said to be 84,000, equaling the number of the holy scriptures. There are together five variations according to image styles.-

Somdej Phra Buddhacharn Toh Promrungsee was born on April 17, 2321 (1778) in Ayuddhaya province. He was ordained as a novice in 2413 (1807). At the age of 21 years, he was granted Royal Patronage and took up residency at Wat Phra Srirattanasassadaram in Bangkok. His clerical name is Promrungsee. In 2407 (1864) he was bestowed the title “Somdej Phrabuddhacharn, a very prominent clerical status in Rattanakosin City (the predecessor of Bangkok). His tenure in the monastery began in the reign of King Rama 1 and lasted until the reign of King Rama 5, a total 65 years until his death at midnight of June 22, 2415 (1872) at the age of 84 years.

Somdej Phra Buddhacharn Toh was highly revered for his Kantathura (Preaching ) and Vipassana (Meditation) skills from laymen to royalties alike. He was often invited to preach in the palace. It was in 2410 (1867) that he began making Somdej Wat Rakhang amulets as a mean for people to continue upholding their religious allegiance. This lasted until 2414 (1871). Somdej Wat Rakhhang is well known for it’s devine blessing powers in bring good-will, and amity form encountered people as well as warding-off harms and all maliciousness.

At the present , Somdej Wat Rakhang is probably as the “King of Amulets” among Buddha amulet collectors.

 

Family of Phra Somdej

Phra Somdej is the youngest amulets in Benjapakhee set. This amulet made from shell lime mixed with holy powder. The obvious data evidence of the builder is Somdej Phra Buddhachan Toh Promrangsi. Phra Somdej in this family were divided into 3 temples:

1. From Wat Rakang Kositaram, Bangkok. The amulets made from 5 moulds. There are

 

· Pim Phra Prathan or Pim Yai

 

· Pim Kate Buatoom

 

· Pim Song Chedi

 

· Pim Thansam

 

· Pim Prok Poh (Bodhi Leaves) Due to the limited quantity made, this variation is seldom seen.

 

 

2. From Wat Mai Amataros Bangkhunprom, Bangkok. These amulets made from 9 moulds, there are

 

· Pim Phra Prathan or Pim Yai

 

· Pim Kate Buatoom

 

· Pim Song Chedi

 

· Pim Sendai

 

· Pim Thansam

 

· Pim Sangkati without ear

 

· Pim Sangkati with ears

 

· Pim ThanKhu

 

· Pim Ok Krud.

 

 

3. From Wat Chaiyoworaviharn, Angthong. There are several moulds but only 4 moulds in preference. There are

 

· Pim Jed Chan

 

· Pim Hok Chan

 

· Pim Hok Chan Ok Tan

 

· Pim Hok Chan Ok Talod

 

Phra Somdej Wat Chaiyo is familiar called “Phra Somdej Wat KesChaiyo” This amulet was built in the period of King Rama 4th around B.E.2409 (1866 A.D.) and filled in Chedi Wat Chaiyoworaviharn, AngThong. As the memorandum of Phraya TipKosa mentioned that Somdej Buddhachan Toh Promrangsi made this amulet to devote merit for his mother name “Kes”. Somdej Phra Buddhachan Toh made Phra Somdej Pim Jed Chan at Wat Rakang Kositaram, Bangkok. Then filled in Chedi at Wat Chaiyoworaviharn when he came to build a large Buddha image here.

 

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