Phra Somdej - How to creat Phra Somdej and physical composition
Since Dvaravati era around 12-13 Buddhist Century, the purpose of amulets creation is for continuing Buddhism inheritance. Later, the clever idea of ancestors had created amulets in numerous variations style depending on their own creativity. In addition, each amulet was also contained Buddha, Dhamma, Sangha as well as the various holy and heart of Buddhist mantras. The numbering of amulets created had reached 84,000 units hit by Thammakhan’s numeration as well.
Thus, India and even Thailand, it appears that there are many amulets because Buddhists have created successor in every age. Among the many amulets, we praised Somdej Wat Rakhang Khositaram which were created by Somdej Toh Phromrangsi and nominated as “King of amulet”.
The reason why SomdejToh has been praised as stated, that is because Somdej’s model was the first amulets created in rectangular geometry. In part of body and base were simulated and downsized from grand Buddha image in temple without left and right god followers, this made outstanding body in unique. For shape of glass arch, it replicated from the glass covering of image Buddha. Although being simple form without any decoration, we must accept that was a perfect graceful without any comment at all.
When Somdej Toh visited relatives in Kampangphet province where was rich in Buddha antique cities. It was also another city which Buddha amulets were enhanced with purified arts. Especially, Somdej Toh was expert person in the ancient letters both reading and writing so, he was able to read the inscription about the process how to create amulets. In particular, to create amulet with white magic powder which was later called Phra Somdej. The main compositions are lime or mortar shells combined with other paranormal objects. The magic powder made from scratching the recipes of scriptures, pound and filter, then bringing mysterious object mixed with chalk and then mold into piece, made it dried and brought it to write down the character of occult number on slate (formerly used for writing on). After writing, all characters were erased and brought erased powder to create Phra Somdej. It is so-called magic powder.
There was assumption that Somdej Toh would have spited out the leftover if which one he was chewing had savory taste. Then made it dried and pound in order to create Phra Somdej which was the correct methodology how to create amulets by Raman style.
The clearly combiners are Tung iew oil, molasses, honey, banana and another important one is pulp which obtained from straw paper or mulberry paper soaked into water overnight until melting then filter its tissue and mixed with other combiners. We believed that this pulp made Phra Somdej looking as softening not dry and harsh. Especially mixture from crops such as rice, bananas, sugar cane also made Somdej soften as well.
For the molds of Phra Somdej Wat RakhangKhositaram, it was determined that would be perfectly simple style. The external layout was rectangular geometry designated by their own purely arts which was not subject to any other family amulet arts despiteamulets originally created since Kantarrath (India) more than 2,000 years ago.
Phra Somdej amulets were gradually created by occasion not one time finished. We believed this it is because material in each mold had different in color shading and elaboration. After finishing amulets creation in each time, Somdej Toh would keep all in monk’s alms bowl and performed chant recitation by himself and other monks as well. Somdej Toh would give Phra Somdej to the people every time when he went out to receive food from people in the morning. Before giving out one of his Somdej, Somdej Toh would give his blessings and tell the person to keep them well since there will be rare in the future. Phra Somdej is well known in wealth and great popularity.
How to create Phra Somdej It is quite believable that Somdej Toh had created Phra Somdej leisurely and might have to look for special occasion then made plan how many amulets to be created. It assured that Somdej Toh did not create many numbers of Phra Somdej all once for giving in a long time. If anyday Somdej Toh determined to create PhraSomdej, he would bring the lime shell and other ingredients for grinding in order to get amount of Phra Somdej material and formed into square stick then cut into pieces. Each piece was pressed on the mould which was sculptured from slate then, bringing board to lay at the back of Phra Somdej then using solid (or wood) to knock on back of board in order to remove air bubbles and make it firmly. After that, taking board out so, it appeared scratch of board or look like betel leaf on the back of Phra Somdej. This remark is important for PhraSomdej obseravation. When SomdejToh had pressed amulets on the mould successfully, he would cut the edges into rectangle by using the bamboo-strips. The reason why Somdej Toh did not use knife, it is because he was monk and not deserved to use any cutlery. How to cut is cutting from back to front, this would be appeared the split-strain at side of amulets. When time passed over hundred years, the shrinkage and cracking as edge cutting become legend of Phra Somdej observation. The core materials of PhraSomdej are
5 types of magic powder such aso Pattamung powder – power in invulnerable.o Ittijay powder – power in kindliness, grace popularity.o Maharaj powder – power in superpower, honor, reputation and fame.o Buddhakhun powder – power in accident avoidance.o Trinisinghae powder – power in charming.How to process 5 types of magic powder Phra Somdej Wat Rakang was made from five kinds of sacred powders namely Pattamung, Ithije, Maharaj, Puttakun and Treenisinghae. The process starts with incantation of holy scriptures, writing sutras and holy symbols (yantra) with chalk on a slate board, erased and rewrote several hundred times over and over again. The dust gathered thus signifies the sacred powder of th ritual. This first collected powder is called Pattamung. Pattamung powder is then mixed with water to mold into a pencil shape, sun-dried and used in writing another chapter of sutras. The process of writing and erasing is repeated as many times as stipulated in the holy sutras. The dust gathered from the second rite is Ithije. The same process is performed until all five ingredients have been collected. The ingredients of five kinds are then mixed together and added to the buld substance which consisted of ground shells as main part, others included dried cooked rice powder, crushed banana, different kinds of pollen grains, differt kinds of sacred powders, holy water and Tung oil which acted as a cement substance.Then, all mixed ingredients were pressed in mould further. 2. Auspicious wood and sedges such as Sawat, Rakson, Kafakrak, Chaiyapruk, Nokkum, Nanglom, Sanaychankaow, Sanaychandaeng, Nangkwak, Phraputtachaoluang, Ruamjai betel, Two tails betel, lotus powder 5 and 108. 3. Magic clay such as Dinjedpong, Dinjedpha, Dinjedtha, Dinjedsra, Dinlakmuang, Dintakraichedi, Dintrakrairobbos, Dintrakraibaisema, Dinkrajaeprunghom. 4. Shell burnt and ground into powder including unburnt shell. 5. Sacred book made from ancient palm leaves damaged, burned, and ground into a powder. 6. Food and cooked rice, dried and ground, ripe bananas, jackfruit. 7. Sacred water. 8. Honey, molasses, Tung iew oil. 9. Dried worship flowers. 10. Charcoal powder made from broken wood moulding, incense stick and incense ash. 11. Powder obtained by grinding the clay amulets broken from Kru Kampangpetch. 12. Various filings statue powder(bronze, silver, gold), mythical metal.
13. Glass relics.
The physical composition guideline of Phra Somdej
1. Red Spots – May be seen in some cases and is assumed to be caused by broken of old brick.
2. White Spots on the surface may be caused by white shell powders.
3. White bulge in some areas both front, back and beside edge are assumed to be caused by glass relics (look shiny under lighting)
4. Green Spots – Assumed to be caused by fragment of green stone particle e.g., jade are believed in Chinese culture to be able to avoid dangers.
5. Black spots are assumed to be caused by burned incense sticks or burned holy scriptures and pollen powder.
6. Brown spots usually represent any one of the 108 types of the pollen flowers that are dried after many years passed.
7. Sacred sands have been known to be included as part of the ingredients during sacred ceremonies performed by Somdej Toh.
8. Gold dust is assumed to be old gold from the melting of an old golden Buddha image at Wat Rakang.
9. Some rounded tiny white bulge are assumed to be caused by the 5 main sacred powders; Pattamung, Ithije, Maharaj, Puttakun and Treenisinghae.
10. Oily skin characteristic which looks shiny under lighting due to too much mixture of Tung oil.
11. Some are covered with a layer of gold or black lacquer to preserve the sacred amulets. However, we may find that it was later removed because the possessor had wanted the surface to be revealed visible.
12. Cracked or broken surface skin layer due to aging process and weather condition.
13. Natural crack lines on the surfaces are assumed to be caused by drying process of the inner and out skin layers.
14. Majority may have visible signs of sunken appearance on some part which was largely due to the weather temperature, humidity and natural aging process.