Phra Kring (Ringing amulet) is the statue of the Medicine Buddha that is very highly esteem of Mahayana Buddhist. The Medicine Buddha has two bodhisattvas name Suriyawairojjana bodhisattva (the sun) and Jantrawairojjana bodhisattava (the moon) who helps the Medicine Buddha as an assistance. The Buddha said "Whoever worship Medicine Buddha with respect and veneration, they will grow with age, long live, happiness, safe from harm, no beast from animal and no harm from any poison”.
History Background of HRH Prince SomdejKrompraPawarethwariyalongkorn
His Royal Highness Prince Kromsomdejpra Pawarethvariyalongkorn, whose first person created Phra Kring Pawareth. He was a son of Krom Prarajawang Baworn Mahasenanuruk. He was born on Thursday 18 September 2352 B.E at 4 pm., while the same date at the begining time to pray for the royal coronation of The King Puthalurdladnapalai (King Rama III), so his name was called "PraOngjawRuek". (Ruek = good occasion). When KromprarajawangBawornMahasenanuruk was celebrated regent coronation in the Viceroy palace. PraOngjaw Ruek was treated as prince in Viceroy palace.
After PraOngjaw Ruek’s father died, his grandmother brought him to live in the Royal palace. His grandmother consecrated him to the King Rama IV (King Mongkut). In the year 2365 B.E, he entered as a novice at Wat Mahathat. He entered as a novice 4 years. He became venomous illness and resigned from priesthood for treatment. After recovering from disease, he entered as a novice again until the year 2372 B.E, he entered the Buddhist monkhood and went to live at Wat Bawornnivejwihan. In the reign of King Mongkut year 2394 B.E, he was promoted to HRH prince KromMuenBorwornrungsri-suriyapan.
In the reign of King RamaV in 2416 B.E, he was promoted to HRH prince Somdej krompraPawarethwariyalongkorn as a cardinal of Dhammayuttika sect. He created PhraKring Pawareth for the first time in the reign of King Rama III around year 2380-2490 B.E under the patronized of the King and supported by viceroy’s craftman. He created many types of Phra Kring Pawareth and PhraKring Pawareth was dubbed by his name Somdejkromprapawarethwariyalongkorn.
In the year 2434 B.E, he was celebrated as the 8th supreme patiarch of the Buddhist priests of Thailand. Besides, he was recognized that all over the royal family, no one was elder than him and all the royal family was under ordained from him as well. His long live and his long time under the Buddhist monks status for 63 years and no monks in his contemporary ordinated longer than him.
Therefore, as above reasons, he was advisable to hold the great honor. The King Rama V consecrated the Mahasamanuttamapisek to Somdejkromprapawareth-wariyalongkorn in the same year. On 23-27 September 2435 B.E, He was sick and tender. On 28 September he died age of 83 years and 13 days. He ordained as a monk for 64 years as a great of honor. Phra Kring Pawareth is the real Thai Ringing amulet
Phra Kring Pawareth had been created since the end of the reign of The King Rama III around year 2380-2394 B.E. Phra Kring Pawareth was influenced by the precedent called Phra Kringyai one of many types of China Ringing amulet. Casting Phra Kring uses original texts which used to create Phra Chaiwat during the Ayutthaya period. And casting process had developed many times.In the reign of King Rama V Phra Kring Pawareth’s design and casting was perfect.Many beautiful types (Type = Pim) and magical bronze casting had been completed. Phra Kring Pawareth was designed by the royal craftsman and casted by professional caster. By the way,Phra King Pawareth,Phra Chiwat Pawareth and Phra Bucha Pawareth had been defined standard ratio 1 : 2 ( width : high ) from the beginning designer. Evolution of design had been developed to the highest standard and apogee conception in the reign of King Rama V around year 2434 B.E. Special Phra Kring Pawareth was designed to has many various visages as so called dot marking type (Pimlaijud). Variety face of Pimlaijud means many foreigner who lived or contacted with Siam in the past especially in the King Rama V period.
Therefore, the craftsman designed the face of Phra Kring like the face of foreigner who stayed in Siam. So, Phara Kring Pawareth Pimlaijod also represent the history of King Rama V peroid.In the fact,all of Phra Kring Pawareth types or family also represent the event in Thai history.Wang Luang and Wang Nah (Royal palace and Viceroy palace) mainly created Phra Kring Pawareth by internally divan purpose. Phra Kring Pawareth formalized Putthapisek cermony by Wat Bowornnivejwihan and most of Phra Kring Pawareth created by Somdej Krompraya Pawarethwariyalongkorn. The fascination of Phra Kring Pawareth
It is well-known that Phra Kring Pawareth is the culmination of Thailand ringing amulet until it has been dubbed as the Emperors of Siam ringing amulet. Because Phra Kring Pawareth is fine with every aspect of creating and rituals. What are the finest of Phra Kring Pawareth is unique in design and diverse type.The imagination of technicians or craftsman had designed in line with history or social stories that happened which is hard to do, even at the present time.
Phra Kring Pawareth created in the latter almost entirely master of the ringing amulet in the early days too. In the present, new creation of the ringing amulet has just brought the old design or applied old design to create a new one. Phra Kring Pawareth is designed to break free from the influence of outlander ringing amulet. The design of Phra Kring Pawareth has evolved steadily improved in each diversity type.There is a very human nature rather than old design or Buddha image ever did. It has been observed that the design of the Phra Kring Pawareth is huge different from the Buddha image or former Phra Chaiwat. How can imagination the craftsman able to design Phra Kring Pawareth very beautiful and perfect like this. Phra Kring Pawareth and Phra Chaiwat is designed heyday. When each Phra Kring Pawareth type set together they will feel like they are brotherhood or looks fraternal with charming variety. Beside this,when bring Phra Kring Pawareth and Phra Chaiwat come together, it is even understand the meaning of all the brothers. There are the same or very close unique origin. Phra Kring Pawareth and Phra Chaiwat was disclosed about 7 - 8 years ago by several groups who studied Phra Kring Pawareth in Thailand.
New data for each study group may have somewhat different however considering only the evidence is the same conclusion but the difficult thing to learn is to understand what the Royal Phra Kring be. The difficult thing is also terms of design, construction, casting, sculpting a variety of types and what is beyond understanding ever. Besides, collectors should understand about the history whether how person or event in the past happened. After the disclosure continues. Many collectors began to accept and seek Phra Kring Pawareth around Thailand. Although, Phra Kring Pawareth collectors is a small group compared to another amulet collectors but admitted that the group was seriously study and research. There is an interest and a commitment to learning in every detail. The new information or new beautiful type was always exposed.
Most of collectors is regarded as the new generation who believe in rational and high confidence. So, Phra Kring Pawareth and Phra Chaiwat with rare creation type be needed even more in the future. After the disclosure continues. Many collectors began to accept and seek Phra kring Pawareth around Thailand. Although Phra Kring Pawareth collectors is a small group compared to another amulet collectors but admitted that the group was seriously study and research. There is an interest and a commitment to learning in every detail. The new information or new beautiful type was always exposed. Most of collectors is regarded as the new generation who believe in rational and high confidence. So, Phra Kring Pawareth and Phra Chaiwat with rare creation type be needed even more in the future.
Phra Kring Pawareth cluster
Phra Kring Pawareth cluster is regarded as one of the importance evidence and it is very important to study how Phra Kring in the past was created. Phra Kring cluster make we understand the creation process from the source to in completed. Represents how casting Phra Kring has its own unique, beautiful and delicate process.
Thus, we know original product before polishing or refurbishment how it done. We can understand which defects or earmarks caused before casting or after casting. Including what the mass in Phra Kring exactly same as in textbook or not. From Phra Kring Pawareth cluster, we see a clear picture from the start to the the end of creation process. However, when we consider Phra Kring cluster, we recognize that royal creator or craftsman has high skill level indeed unlike the locals craftsman. We also recognize how to making such a beautiful master casting mold, candle puppets axis. Each peduncle attached candle stick puppet perfectly. Each Phra Kring cluster has 9 puppets. Why using 9 puppets because number 9 is an auspicious number for Thai people which represents the progress in life. Beside this, number 9 is also used for stamping sequence Phra kring number from 1 - 9 each. It can be said that the brotherhood of Phra Kring start from cluster making process until in completion. Most of Phra Kring cluster normally is the same type. But some cluster might mix 2 types (Pim) in the same peduncle. In such cases, it is revealed that 2 type created in the same year or the same agenda. Normally, Phra Kring cluster’s size is not much different. There are variety of mass. For example, gold, gold mixed or bronze majority. The fact of Phra Kring Pawareth family had been deliberately forgotten from Thai’s ringing amulet history.
Step back in time to the past approximately 50 years ago, previous generation of amulet collectors said when their came to accumulate Phra Kring Pawareth, their said it was Thai ringing amulet legend. History of creating has a little record and hard to find more information and only hearsay information recorded in a few amulet book only.
The creating detail was not overtly to public for a hundred year. The official recorded may or may not be a matter to be studied further. Creating Phra Kring Pawareth or Phra Chaiwat is well-known that the creation was under the royal family of Siam from the late reign of the King Rama III until the end of the reign of The King Rama V, designed and built by the Viceroy primarily. Therefore, most of Phra Kring Pawareth was created by Viceroy majority. Also Phra Chaiwat the Royal palace built by the majority but sometimes, it created together.
The evidence from the relevant official records in the archives or gazette content and detailed notes most about Phra Chaiwat. (for more details, read in Phra Kring Pawareth family book) Phra Kring Pawareth era was built by top of the monks and created internally. When studying the area of Viceroy from history in that period from the reign of King Rama VI and V (year 2394 B.E to the year 2411B.E) and lord of Viceroy (reign from the year 2394 B.E to the year 2408 B.E) was currently Viceroy area location covered in Sanam Luang, Wat Mahathat,Thammasat University and the National Museum. But Viceroy's palace area today is among the buildings in the National Museum only. The Viceroy palace has a glorious temple located in the same place called "Wat Borwornsutthawat" (Wat Phra Kaeo Wang Na). The story in the gazette archives is only a story of King Mongkut only. Most stories about the Viceroy were not recorded in the official data. Phra Kring Pawareth was created by lord of Viceroy (Wang Nah ) was forgotten by history record as the first reason. Due to the time of HRH Borwornwichaichan (son of lord of Viceroy 's coronation as year 2411 B.E devices dominate the viceroy until the year 2428 B.E), there is also no official record about Phra Kring Pawareth creating. There will be only hearsay which are roughly information. This information does not tell the whole truth happened.
Creating Phra Kring Pawareth made by the Viceroy and Wat Borwornniwet involves creating and rituals to create from the beginning. The legend began to build Phra Kring Pawareth at Wat Borwornniwet initially until the year 2441 B.E. After that, Wat Suthut began to create ringing amulet for the first time. Until now, Wat Suthat is the main creating Phra Kring today. Phra Kring Wat Suthat became so popular and generated the first generation. Therefore,Phra Kring Pawareth was also forgotten in the period of Wat Suthut lagend as the second reason. The history of creating Phra Kring Pawareth from the beginning to the end was hidden included 170 years ago. The new story of Phra Kring Pawareth had recently been revealed just a few years ago.
Phra Kring Pawareth and Phra Chaiwat represents as Siam ringing amuletPhra Kring Pawareth and Phra Chaiwat were created since the end of the King Rama III until the end of the reign of King Rama VI is regarded as the origin of Siam ringing amulet. Created by technicians or craftsmans of the viceroy and the royal palace. In that era, creating a small amulet was also something new. They had own Phra Chaiwat casting formula texts which it had been inherited among the viceroy and the royal technicians. In that era, the original Phra Chaiwat casting texts was used as a basis formula to cast Phra Kring Pawareth. Beside this, it might have other casting method is used in conjunction with original method to make a metal to complete. It realizes that the next casting metal is more beautiful than ever.
Therefore, Phra Kring Pawareth and Phra Chaiwat used the best casting formula to create and the casting formula was used to create the next generation. Phra Kring Pawareth and Phra Chaiwat created by divan and monk. It consists of belief, ritual magic formula metal also known as the Nawaloha to coincide with the principles in those days to create the best ringing amulet.The most sacred object inside and outside of Phra kring Pawareth and Phra Chaiwat was classified in the same group both design and creating in parallel from the beginning. Phra Kring Pawareth and Phra Chaiwat was created within the court and was not disclosed or perceived outsiders or by people in those days. Creating process starts from design process to casting preparation, including the refurbishment and ending with Putthapisek ceremony all within the royal responsibility and ecclesiastical responsibility. Therefore, Phra Kring Pawareth family was in possession among related people in those days only and it never been exposed for hundreds of years. Phra Kring Pawareth and Phra Chaiwat was create with faith in Buddhism with the intention of every process carefully. It held that a Buddhist one.Phra kring Pawareth and Phra Chaiwat was brought to a small assemblies with many sacred objects in ancient times and using in the ceremony at the court. Phra Kring Pawareth family is applied reflects as the importance holiness for the royal court of Siam at that time. Thus, creating Phra Kring Pawareth and Phra Chaiwat became a worship in the modern era behind. It is intended to provide an amulet of Siam and heirloom for future generations as the most sacred thing, the more highly valued and the real ringing amulet of Thailand.
How to accumulate Phra Kring Pawareth or Phra Chaiwat ?Phra Kring Pawareth family in general it has to say that good appearance both outside and inside. Outside means to build it carefully from design process to preparation process of material to create Phra Kring and finish at external refurbishment process. Creators or craftsmans were intended to have the determination and good faith to create a successor to Buddhism and leave great Phra Kring Pawareth as a legacy of land. Good inside means good reason to create, there is a sacred event, by the auspicious good Putthapisek jubilee ceremony performed as well as traditional stereotypes. The integrity of the traditional rituals of ancient rituals, the latter is harder to do the same. With such elements, Phra Kring Pawareth, Phra Chaiwat and related sacred objects that are very sacred.
Phra Kring Pawareth family has variety of type ( Pim) had many compound ingredients with a variety of refurbishment than any ringing amulet ever made in Thailand. Several types of Phra Kring Pawareth are a prototype of current well–known Phra Kring later.There is such diversity for those who began their studies and how their can aright accumulate it. Traditional antique popular Phra Kring Pawareth compound is Nawaloha (Thai bronze). As the bronze to cause outcomes such as belief in the sacred precious metal alloy. There are many kind of Thai bronze called Sumritdej,Sumritchok,Sumrijsak. Each Sumrit has a specific meaning honor.
The basic achievement of ancient Nawaloha containing different elements of the power to represents power, strength, splendor, the result is just the invulnerability based on the beliefs of that era. For example, Sumritchok will reflect the yellow representing good fortune trading. Or Sumritsak will reflect silver representing powerful or strength acts as a major beliefs in creating Phra Kring and Phra Chaiwat. Collection by traditional thinking is like this. Ringing amulet will be used to make holy water healing you including a prayer for protection from harm. All the original meaning and purpose of creating Phra Kring Pawareth and Phra Chaiwat has its own beliefs since ancient times. This tradition thinking continues to this day. Collectors are urged to understand the meaning and intent on making a first. Subsequently, the material content of creating of each Sumrit or call bronze reflexion is an achievement, collector should start study the detail and accumulate of bronze basis first, gradual accumulation of bronze and after that accumulate other metal such as gold, silver, gold mixed, gold plated, refurbishment types,jeweled and so on.
To understand the origins of Phra Kring Pawareth and Phra Chaiwat is the basic of learning ringing amulet cause this type is create without any ornamentation. After that, Phra Kring begin to develop enrichment refurbishment indefinitely or a difference of product in each group. Then we will know which Phra Kring Pawareth or Phra Chaiwat was created for which agenda. Phra Kring Pawareth or Phra Chaiwat price in the commercial is concerning about the future demand and amount of each types. It must be based on many reasons and related many factors. All we can get what we have now is good. If it still not good in commercial but at least Phra Kring Pawareth or Phra Chaiwat that we get is an auspicious things to our family. It should be a legendary legacy to the next generation.
Phra Kring Pawareth family book
This book is about Phra Kring Pawareth family (Ringing Amulet ) and Phra Chaiwat (Ringing Amulet but smaller dimension than Phra Kring ) in the new study, the author will bring his experience in studying and seeking to spread the truth to general reader who interested in Phra Kring Pawareth for accumulation purpose. Normally, the story of Phra Kring Pawareth not found in textbook. This study sought information from the author himself together with the group of people who accumulated Phra Kring Pawareth in many regions of the country.The new study of Phra Kring Pavareth and Phra Chaiwat studied from amount of historical evidence, archaeological, archives gazette, government gazette and evidence from the ringing amulet itself is closely linked to both the evolution created, evolution designed and various refurbishment. Include content material of Phra Kring Pawareth and Phra Chaiwat had been proved from the validation process, as well as scientific evidence available and had analyzed the data to wrote content of this book. This book is regarded as the first book in Thailand to provide information about Phra Kring Pawareth family and Phra Chaiwat.There are many illustrations and many pictures that never appeared in any book before.Furthermore,Phra Kring Pawareth family and Phra Chaiwat are created by the Royal craftsman of Siam (created internally purpose) and presented to aristocracy level only. Therefore, there is no information or dissemination to the public for over a hundred of years. Phra Kring Pawareth and Phra Chaiwat has variety of types (Type = Pim) and also created in several times. All the history of Phra Kring Pawareth and Phra Chaiwat has not yet to be revealed.Thus, it needs to be researched more in the future.
Phra Kring Pawareth was created in basis of making holy water for Buddism ceremony by the will of Somdej Krompra Pawareth Wariyalongkorn (the 8th Supreme Patriarch of the Buddhist priests of Thailand) which designed and created by the royal craftsman of viceroy.Thus, the implementation design and creation was made from viceroy only. Therefore, the data of casting process or details of creating do not appear in the archives gazette or in the government gazette and no official record for any given query. Only some of the text that appears in the gazette or archives related with Phra Kring is holy water cover or holy water pot only.Creating Phra Kring Pawareth was early from the year 2394 B.E, performed by skilled technicians from the viceroy among the royal palace craftsman by using casting texts to create Phra Kring Pawareth and using specific tools to make and refurbishment. The talisman of Phra Kring Pawareth also used the same family with the earlier built Phra Chaiwat which created by royal palace craftsman. After the year 2408 B.E to the year 2434 B.E, Wat Borwornniweth began to participate in the creation of Phra Kring Pawareth with viceroy.
Phra Kring Pawareth which created after year 2408 B.E. is considered to be a complete formula of bronze casting. The complete formula makes a beautiful surface. There are 3 kinds of bronze skin color.
1. Skin color is out of the red or ruby. It is so called Samritdej.
2. Skin color is yellow to amber. It is so called Samritchok.
3. Skin color is off white or silver. It is so called Sumritsak.
Phra Kring Pawareth had been participated Phutthaphisek ceremony by the famous monks, through Buddha’s grace into Phra Kring and all the ceremony under the patron of the vinceroy.Therefore, Phra Kring Pawareth became strong Buddha’s grace. Phra Kring Pawareth looks beautiful outside and the inside filled with grace. So, Phra Kring Pawareth is worth for accummulation.
Phra Chaiwat was created by the royal palace craftsman under the will of the King, especially the King Rama 5,His majesty had the will to make small souvenirs for prince or princess who went to study abroad as a memorial worship. Therefore, the detail of creating was recorded clearly in the government gazette. Phra Chaiwat also had been participated Phutthaphisek ceremony by the famous monks, through Buddha’s grace into Phra Chaiwat and all the ceremony under the patron of the King. Eventhrough Phra Chaiwat is smaller than Phra Kring but same Budda’s grace and it is also worth for accumulation.